In the year 2023, the employed population of Metropolitan Lima increased by 3.9% (197,600 people) and reached 5 million 217 thousand people, when compared to the year 2022, as announced by the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics (INEI) in the technical report Ssituation of the Labor Market in Metropolitan Limaprepared with the results of the Permanent National Employment Survey (EPEN).

Compared to the level of 2019, Lima’s employed population increased by 6.2% (302,900 people).

Meanwhile, in the IV quarter of 2023, it grew by 4.6% (235,100 people) compared to the same quarter of 2022.

Female employed population increased by 6.4%

In 2023, the female population is the one that entered the labor market the most, increasing by 6.4% (143,900), while the male population increased by 2.0% (53,600 people). Of the total employed population, 46.2% (2 million 409 thousand 400) are women and 53.8% (2 million 807 thousand 600) are men.

In the IV quarter of 2023, the same behavior was observed, the female employed population increased by 6.7% (154,300 people) and the male population by 2.9% (80,800 people).

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Employed population aged 45 and over grew by 11.1%

The employed population aged 45 and over increased by 11.1% (191,100) in 2023. Followed by the population aged 25 to 44 by 2.0% (50,800); while the employed population under 25 years of age decreased by 5.7% (-44,300).

In the IV quarter, the employed population aged 45 and over grew by 12.6% (224,200), followed by the population aged 25 to 44 by 1.1% (27,900). However, the employed population under 25 years of age decreased by 2.4% (-17,100).

Employed population with university education increased by 17.2%

During the year 2023, the employed population with university education increased by 17.2% (220 thousand 100), those who managed to study non-university higher education by 15.9% (153 thousand 500); Meanwhile, it decreased among those who studied secondary education by 6.8% (-162 thousand 500) and those who have primary education or a lower level by 3.5% (-13 thousand 500).

In the last quarter of 2023, the employed population with non-university higher education increased by 8.8% (94,200), among those who achieved university education by 5.7% (83,800), in the population with secondary education in 2.5% (55,300) and with primary education or less in 0.5% (1,900).

The population employed in the Services sector increased by 7.3%

In 2023, the employed population grew in the Services sector by 7.3% (201,600); followed by Commerce at 2.0% (21,900) and Manufacturing at 0.6% (3,800). However, it decreased 7.0%

(-28 thousand 700) in Construction.

Meanwhile, in the IV quarter, it increased in the Commerce sector by 8.5% (91 thousand 600), followed by Services 5.8% (169 thousand 200 people); However, it was reduced in Manufacturing by 0.7% (-4,500) and in Construction by 2.7% (-10,000).

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The population with adequate employment grew by 6.6%

The employed population with adequate employment increased by 6.6% (190 thousand 100) in relation to the year 2022 and totaled 3 million 61 thousand 200 people. If compared to 2019, it decreases by 3.5% (-110,500).

On the other hand, in 2023 the underemployed population grew by 0.4% (7,400 people) compared to 2022. When compared to 2019, an increase of 23.7% (413,400) is observed.

In the last quarter of 2023, the employed population with adequate employment in Metropolitan Lima increased by 3.6%. If compared to the last quarter of 2019, it is reduced by 6.1% (-202,800).

The underemployed population in the fourth quarter of 2023 grows by 6.1% compared to the fourth quarter of 2022. In relation to the fourth quarter of 2019, it increases by 29.8% (507,700).

Metropolitan Lima’s unemployment rate stood at 6.8%

In 2023, the unemployment rate in Metropolitan Lima was 6.8%, being 1.0 percentage point less than in 2022 (7.8%). In absolute figures, it is estimated at 379,700 people, who are actively seeking employment.

The current unemployment rate represents 3.9 percentage points less than that registered in 2021 (10.7%) and 0.2 percentage point more than in 2019 (6.6%).

In the IV quarter it stood at 6.4%, 0.7 percentage point lower than in the similar moving quarter of 2022 (7.1%).

Average monthly income from work in Metropolitan Lima increased by 11.4%

In the year 2023, the average monthly income from work in Metropolitan Lima was 1909.8 soles, compared to the year 2022 it increased by 11.4% (195.1 soles). The income of men increased by 10.8% (211.6 soles) and that of women by 13.4% (189.7 soles). The average monthly income of men was 2,168.3 soles and that of women was 1,602.5 soles. Women’s income represented 73.9% of men’s income.



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